Measurement of social capital and scientific and its effect on technological productivity in research communities
Abstract: This work characterizes the organizational conditions of social capital among researchers belonging to a research community and studies the relationship with their levels of scientific-technological productivity, demonstrating for certain dimensions and variables their association and dependence, which can provide elements to increase their productivity through science communication processes.
Reference: Romo, J., Tarango, J., & Machin-Mastromatteo, J. (2020). Measurement of social capital and scientific and its effect on technological productivity in research communities. Nova Scientia, 12(24). doi:https://doi.org/10.21640/ns.v12i24.2157
I share our publication in the journal Información Tecnológica.
Abstract: This study analyzes the perception of 4456 high school students from the state of Chihuahua (Mexico), in relation to their preferences (understood as personal interest) and willingness (the desire to continue participating) towards scientific-technological innovation. The objective is determining the feasibility of generating extracurricular academic training environments (science clubs). The information was collected using a questionnaire and the data allowed the identification of the following moments in the study subjects: 1) previous experiences of scientific application and self-concept about creativity and creative people; 2) current interests in scientific-technological innovation; 3) knowledge and skills; and 4) provision of active participation in scientific environments. The results show that, when the four moments are analyzed as a method, only minor populations indicate constancy in taste and willingness to get involved in academic events related to innovation, which justifies the feasibility of opening promotional spaces for the science; On the other hand, a large population offers results of disinterest and lack of willingness to participate.
Reference: Tarango, J., Guajardo-Morales, I., Machin-Mastromatteo, J, D., & Villanueva-Ledezma, A. (2020). Preference and willingness for scientific-technological innovation in Mexican high school students. Información Tecnológica, 31(1), 91-102. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-07642020000100091.
Ethics, human rights and violence in Chihuahua’s digital journalism: Evidence from a media observatory
We start this year with the publication of the results from an observation of digital news outlets regarding their treatment of news related to #violence in the State of #Chihuahua. Collaboration among Drs. Armando Villanueva, Fidel Gonzalez-Quiñones, Aixchel Cordero & Jorge Alan Flores
We invite you to check the result of a large international collaboration effort to examine the inequality regarding access to ophthalmology research around the world, published in PeerJ.com
Abstract: The problem of access to medical information, particularly in low-income countries, has been under discussion for many years. Although a number of developments have occurred in the last decade (e.g., the open access (OA) movement and the website Sci-Hub), everyone agrees that these difficulties still persist very widely, mainly due to the fact that paywalls still limit access to approximately 75% of scholarly documents. In this study, we compare the accessibility of recent full text articles in the field of ophthalmology in 27 established institutions located worldwide.
Recommended reference: Boudry C, Alvarez-Muñoz P, Arencibia-Jorge R, Ayena D, Brouwer NJ, Chaudhuri Z, Chawner B, Epee E, Erraïs K, Fotouhi A, Gharaibeh AM, Hassanein DH, Herwig-Carl MC, Howard K, Kaimbo Wa Kaimbo D, Laughrea P, Lopez FA, Machin-Mastromatteo JD, Malerbi FK, Ndiaye PA, Noor NA, Pacheco-Mendoza J, Papastefanou VP, Shah M, Shields CL, Wang YX, Yartsev V, Mouriaux F. (2019). Worldwide inequality in access to full text scientific articles: the example of ophthalmology. PeerJ, 7, e7850. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.7850
I was included on the editorial board of the international journal The Journal of Academic Librarianship, published by Elsevier.
I wanted to share this with you in a special post. In 2015 we had the desire of making Latin America’s issues more present in one of the most important and long-lasting international Library and Information Science journals: Information Development. This regular series, supported by its editor and colleagues in the editorial board just turned five years with its 24th article, published yesterday. I want to thank all readers and my coauthors (alphabetical): Dominique Babini, Mtro Cortés, Rene-Manuel Delgado, Iram Evangelista, Thelma García, Fidel Gonzalez-Quiñones, Renny Granda, Jesus Lau, Basilio A. Martínez-Villa, Eduardo Medina Yllescas, Erbey Mendoza Negrete, Saul M Equihua, Maria Pinto, Marie Romero Waldon, José R. Romo, Gloria Ruiz, Javier Tarango, Myrna Li & Alejandro Uribe Tirado. Special thanks to IDV’s editor Stephen Parker, as well as Paul Sturges and Ian Johnson who supported this idea from the start. Cheers to all of you!
You can check Developing Latin America at http://bit.ly/DLA15-19 and half of the articles are in open access (E-LIS/SSRN), soon I’ll catch up adding them all!
We published ‘On media censorship, freedom of expression and the risks of journalism in Mexico’, first issue of a subseries about this topic, which will treat with it from various countries.
Abstract: We present a classification of the types of censorship of media to frame the various issues that journalism and freedom of expression face in Mexico, which mainly include the role of the State in preventing or enforcing censorship, the monopoly of a few corporate groups that control most of the mass media and dictate fixed editorial lines throughout all of them, the effect of violence on journalism and the issues that are emerging around the freedom of expression in social media.
Recomended reference: González-Quiñones, F., & Machin-Mastromatteo, J. D. (2019). On media censorship, freedom of expression and the risks of journalism in Mexico. Information Development, 35(4), 666–670. https://doi.org/10.1177/0266666919866266
We had the privilege of writing the entry about Participatory Action Research for The International Encyclopedia of Media Literacy, published by Wiley-Blackwell
Abstract: This entry provides an introduction to participatory action research as a research methodology that consists in the implementation of actions by a researcher to study the practices, habits, activities, or behaviors of participants and support them in achieving a state of improvement through their reflection and active engagement. It discusses its characteristics, epistemology and ontology, components, advantages, difficulties, and common criticisms. It also describes the relationship and basic insights that are necessary to apply such a participatory methodology to educational contexts as well as to develop media literacy initiatives.
We published about an information literacy teaching experience in elementary education, part of the research of my PhD student González-López Mariela.
Resumen: Este artículo presenta los resultados de una investigación sobre la enseñanza de Alfabetización Informacional (ALFIN) en la educación básica, cuyo objetivo fue determinar las mejores prácticas para su implementación e identificar los temas a incorporar en una iniciativa de esta naturaleza, así como las formas de afrontar la problemática de la saturación de la información, de modo que se pretende que cada estudiante aprenda a buscar, a encontrar, a seleccionar, a evaluar y a comunicar información, para adquirir conocimientos, habilidades y actitudes. La metodología del estudio se basó en el análisis de experiencias usando un enfoque cualitativo, donde se concluye que ALFIN se implementó exitosamente por medio del uso del juego, aplicaciones digitales para su enseñanza, cursos específicos en sobre el tema, juegos de mesa, la técnica booleana de búsqueda de información, la lectoescritura, enseñanza por medio del dibujo e instrumentos para la evaluación y utilización de recursos educativos. El logro principal fue contribuir con el desarrollo de las competencias que necesita el estudiantado para desempeñarse con éxito en la escuela y para lograr la capacidad del aprendizaje permanente.
Recomended reference: González-López, M., Machin-Mastromatteo, J. D., & Tarango, J. (2019). Alfabetización Informacional: enseñanza y desarrollo de su competencia en la educación básica. E-Ciencias De La Información, 9(2). https://doi.org/10.15517/eci.v9i2.35774