Ethics, human rights and violence in Chihuahua’s digital journalism: Evidence from a media observatory
We start this year with the publication of the results from an observation of digital news outlets regarding their treatment of news related to #violence in the State of #Chihuahua. Collaboration among Drs. Armando Villanueva, Fidel Gonzalez-Quiñones, Aixchel Cordero & Jorge Alan Flores
We invite you to check the result of a large international collaboration effort to examine the inequality regarding access to ophthalmology research around the world, published in PeerJ.com
Abstract: The problem of access to medical information, particularly in low-income countries, has been under discussion for many years. Although a number of developments have occurred in the last decade (e.g., the open access (OA) movement and the website Sci-Hub), everyone agrees that these difficulties still persist very widely, mainly due to the fact that paywalls still limit access to approximately 75% of scholarly documents. In this study, we compare the accessibility of recent full text articles in the field of ophthalmology in 27 established institutions located worldwide.
Recommended reference: Boudry C, Alvarez-Muñoz P, Arencibia-Jorge R, Ayena D, Brouwer NJ, Chaudhuri Z, Chawner B, Epee E, Erraïs K, Fotouhi A, Gharaibeh AM, Hassanein DH, Herwig-Carl MC, Howard K, Kaimbo Wa Kaimbo D, Laughrea P, Lopez FA, Machin-Mastromatteo JD, Malerbi FK, Ndiaye PA, Noor NA, Pacheco-Mendoza J, Papastefanou VP, Shah M, Shields CL, Wang YX, Yartsev V, Mouriaux F. (2019). Worldwide inequality in access to full text scientific articles: the example of ophthalmology. PeerJ, 7, e7850. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.7850
I was included on the editorial board of the international journal The Journal of Academic Librarianship, published by Elsevier.
I wanted to share this with you in a special post. In 2015 we had the desire of making Latin America’s issues more present in one of the most important and long-lasting international Library and Information Science journals: Information Development. This regular series, supported by its editor and colleagues in the editorial board just turned five years with its 24th article, published yesterday. I want to thank all readers and my coauthors (alphabetical): Dominique Babini, Mtro Cortés, Rene-Manuel Delgado, Iram Evangelista, Thelma García, Fidel Gonzalez-Quiñones, Renny Granda, Jesus Lau, Basilio A. Martínez-Villa, Eduardo Medina Yllescas, Erbey Mendoza Negrete, Saul M Equihua, Maria Pinto, Marie Romero Waldon, José R. Romo, Gloria Ruiz, Javier Tarango, Myrna Li & Alejandro Uribe Tirado. Special thanks to IDV’s editor Stephen Parker, as well as Paul Sturges and Ian Johnson who supported this idea from the start. Cheers to all of you!
You can check Developing Latin America at http://bit.ly/DLA15-19 and half of the articles are in open access (E-LIS/SSRN), soon I’ll catch up adding them all!
We published ‘On media censorship, freedom of expression and the risks of journalism in Mexico’, first issue of a subseries about this topic, which will treat with it from various countries.
Abstract: We present a classification of the types of censorship of media to frame the various issues that journalism and freedom of expression face in Mexico, which mainly include the role of the State in preventing or enforcing censorship, the monopoly of a few corporate groups that control most of the mass media and dictate fixed editorial lines throughout all of them, the effect of violence on journalism and the issues that are emerging around the freedom of expression in social media.
Recomended reference: González-Quiñones, F., & Machin-Mastromatteo, J. D. (2019). On media censorship, freedom of expression and the risks of journalism in Mexico. Information Development, 35(4), 666–670. https://doi.org/10.1177/0266666919866266
We had the privilege of writing the entry about Participatory Action Research for The International Encyclopedia of Media Literacy, published by Wiley-Blackwell
Abstract: This entry provides an introduction to participatory action research as a research methodology that consists in the implementation of actions by a researcher to study the practices, habits, activities, or behaviors of participants and support them in achieving a state of improvement through their reflection and active engagement. It discusses its characteristics, epistemology and ontology, components, advantages, difficulties, and common criticisms. It also describes the relationship and basic insights that are necessary to apply such a participatory methodology to educational contexts as well as to develop media literacy initiatives.
We published about an information literacy teaching experience in elementary education, part of the research of my PhD student González-López Mariela.
Resumen: Este artículo presenta los resultados de una investigación sobre la enseñanza de Alfabetización Informacional (ALFIN) en la educación básica, cuyo objetivo fue determinar las mejores prácticas para su implementación e identificar los temas a incorporar en una iniciativa de esta naturaleza, así como las formas de afrontar la problemática de la saturación de la información, de modo que se pretende que cada estudiante aprenda a buscar, a encontrar, a seleccionar, a evaluar y a comunicar información, para adquirir conocimientos, habilidades y actitudes. La metodología del estudio se basó en el análisis de experiencias usando un enfoque cualitativo, donde se concluye que ALFIN se implementó exitosamente por medio del uso del juego, aplicaciones digitales para su enseñanza, cursos específicos en sobre el tema, juegos de mesa, la técnica booleana de búsqueda de información, la lectoescritura, enseñanza por medio del dibujo e instrumentos para la evaluación y utilización de recursos educativos. El logro principal fue contribuir con el desarrollo de las competencias que necesita el estudiantado para desempeñarse con éxito en la escuela y para lograr la capacidad del aprendizaje permanente.
Recomended reference: González-López, M., Machin-Mastromatteo, J. D., & Tarango, J. (2019). Alfabetización Informacional: enseñanza y desarrollo de su competencia en la educación básica. E-Ciencias De La Información, 9(2). https://doi.org/10.15517/eci.v9i2.35774
Evaluation of students’ engagement with PROMES2015 as a university mobility experience.
Abstract: Student mobility is among the most important internationalization initiatives for higher education institutions. This article describes the influence that student academic mobility has on the training of future professionals at the Autonomous University of Chihuahua (UACH, Mexico) and its students’ perceptions toward UACH’s Student Mobility Program (PROMES). Under such aim, the research objectives were to determine the opinion of participating students regarding the exchange process, the academic quality of the destination universities, the academic cooperation offices of the destination universities, and toward PROMES’ management. This research was quantitative, nonexperimental, and transversal. The methodology used was a case study conducted only within UACH using simple random sampling, which was selected from the 170 undergraduate students that participated in PROMES during 2015 (confidence level of 90%, margin of error of 7.5%). The survey consisted in four main sections, which were intended for students to evaluate four factors related to PROMES: a) exchange process; b) academic quality of the destination university; c) support of the academic cooperation offices; and d) PROMES’ management at UACH. Results are presented according to four dimensions that the survey evaluated, which include: the exchange process, academic quality of the destination university, support of the academic cooperation offices, and PROMES’ management at UACH. These results point toward important statistical correlations regarding the relationship between how students value their academic development and the quality of the facilities in the destination universities, as well as with the quality of the educational programs.
Referencia recomendada: Gutiérrez-Jurado, C., González-Quiñones, F., Fierro-Ramírez, L. and Machin-Mastromatteo, J. D. (2019). Evaluation of students engagement with PROMES2015 as a university mobility experience. TECNOCIENCIAChihuahua, 13(1), 24-39.
We present the experience of Chihuahua’s reading and conversation clubs, as a citizen initiative that emerged to reconquer the city spaces that were seized by violence, as well as the role of the Tips, Talks and Topics radio show.
Abstract: This article presents the generation of reading and conversation clubs in Chihuahua city (Mexico), which emerged from spontaneous initiatives by citizens, as a response to one of the most violent periods faced in the city. This report was developed with information gathered during interviews with members of reading and conversation clubs about their experiences, at the Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua’s radio station (Radio University), in the ‘Tips, Talks and Topics’ weekly show.
Recomended reference: Machin-Mastromatteo, J. D., & Coughanour, G. L. R. (2019). The rise of reading and conversation clubs during Chihuahua’s violent times. Information Development, 35(3), 503–506. https://doi.org/10.1177/0266666919855147